Model 1: Waitlists Included Model
In the table below, you will find a list of variables that theoretically play a role in determining whether a law school accepts you or not. The dataset used in this model includes users on Law School Numbers who reported being either accepted, rejected, or waitlisted at the school in question (those who were first waitlisted and then accepted or rejected are treated as acceptances or rejections, respectively). For this model, I used an Ordered Logistic Regression, which allows you to look at how each of the independent variables affects the chances that you will be:
- Accepted rather than (combined waitlisted/rejected)
- (Combined accepted/waitlisted) rather than rejected
By way of example: in this model for Boston College, for two otherwise identical candidates, an additional point on the LSAT increases an applicant's chances of being accepted rather than either waitlisted or rejected by 40.7% (in other words, a 167 is 40.7% more likely than a 166 to get accepted rather than waitlisted or rejected, all else being equal). A 167 is also 40.7% more likely to get either accepted or waitlisted than rejected than is a 166, all else equal. If you have any questions, just e-mail me, or check out this link to the awesome UCLA stats site.
In any case, here are the results from this first model, in which I test the impact of LSAT score, GPA, each earlier month the application is sent (and by earlier month, I don't mean month earlier...I mean September vs. October, or October vs. November), URM status, non-traditional status, and female applicant status. Since Boston College does not have a binding-ED option, I haven't included it. Everything is based on LSN data from the 2003/2004 cycle to the present.
URM candidates get a decent boost at Boston College (although nothing approaching what we see at other schools), being a little more than 10 times more likely to be accepted than an otherwise identical non-URM candidate. One thing to always keep in mind when interpreting this is that there are almost certainly different "floors" for LSAT and GPA for URM applicants than non-URM applicants. This matters because below the numbers "floors" for non-URM applicants, a URM is pretty much infinitely more likely to get in. The URM boost in terms of its LSAT equivalent is pretty standard stuff, at 6.8 points, but the 0.64 GPA equivalent is relatively big. The relative boosts Boston College gives for one extra LSAT point vs. .10 extra GPA points is actually pretty even. BC gives a massive advantage to non-traditional students, who are 76.8% more likely to get than identical traditional applicants, and female applicants are 25.1% more likely to get in than otherwise identical male counterparts, which is a not the biggest boost you'll see, but it's something. Finally, there seems to be a definite advantage to applying early to Boston College, with your chances of admission increased by more than 10% for each month earlier you apply.
Model 2: Waitlists Excluded ModelThe next model excludes waitlists, including only applicants that reported either being accepted or rejected (whether that was directly, or after first being waitlisted). The results in the table should be interpreted in the same way, but the interpretation is a little easier. The number given for each variable is simply the increase in likelihood of being accepted rather than rejected.
When we drop waitlists and only look at straight accepts or rejects, the boosts generally get bigger, especially the URM boost, with URM candidates almost 20 times more likely to get in than an otherwise identical non-URM candidate. Again, please bear in mind the caveat from the first model about disparate "numbers floors" for URM and non-URM candidates. The advantage for non-traditional students also increases quite a bit, and the LSAT and GPA boosts increase by a third or so. Curiously, when we break it down to straight accepts or rejects, the advantage for female applicants disappears entirely, which begs the question of why BC seems to waitlist so many to begin with. If anyone has any theories, please let me know! The edge for earlier applications disappears as well, which seems to indicate that they waitlist a lot more earlier in the cycle, and it maybe switches over to straight accepts and rejects, and at that point whether or not you applied earlier is moot.
Non-Splitters, Splitters, and Reverse-Splitters: Acceptance/WLs/Rejections, and MeansLast, I'm including a table that breaks down how non-splitters, splitters, and reverse-splitters are represented in the data. This one you really have to be careful with, because the data on LSN does skew towards higher-caliber applicants, and so acceptances are more highly represented than they are in the applicant pool. Really, the value of this kind of thing will become more clear when we can compare schools, because that same "higher-caliber" applicant caveat will apply across the board, so we can probably draw somewhat valid conclusions by comparing schools. For now, I'll include it for interested parties, but please do not look at this and say to yourself, "Self, as a splitter I have an X% chance of getting into Boston College!"
Interesting here is that splitter applicants to BC don't appear to fare any better than non-splitter applicants (based on what I've seen so far, splitters usually have a little - and sometimes a lot - higher acceptance rate on LSN as do non-splitters). When it comes to being a splitter, it seems like once you're above the 75th, they're not necessarily looking for higher and higher LSAT scores, but your GPA definitely makes a difference for you, as we can see by the quickly declining GPAs for splitters as we move from accept to waitlist to reject. It's hard to say what's going on with reverse-splitters, though...the GPAs are pretty much the same across admissions decisions, and the LSAT mean from accept to waitlist to reject doesn't follow any pattern that I'd call predictable.
To sum up, you've probably got a better chance at getting accepted or waitlisted early on in the cycle if you apply earlier or are a female applicant, but when it comes down to just acceptance or rejection, these factors don't make a difference. BC gives one of the bigger boosts I have seen to non-traditional applicants, and URMs predictably get a big boost, which is bigger than some and smaller than other schools. Boston College also doesn't seem to favor GPA over LSAT, which is reflected both in the boosts given for each.